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Air pollution has major impact on health

Outdoor fine particulate matter exposure is the fifth leading risk factor for death in the world accounting for 4.2 million deaths. 

A recent study by Chest shows the major impact air pollution can have on people’s health.

Air pollution is defined as any substance in the air that may harm humans, animals, vegetation or materials.

Exposure to air pollution can result in some immediate side effects such as coughing, tearing or struggling to breathe. However, many are unaware of the long-term effects it can have on your body including worsening pre-existing medical conditions.

Although air pollution levels affect people of all regions, ages and social groups, it is likely to cause more issues in those who experience heavy exposure and are more susceptible to illness. Intrinsic factors that increase vulnerability to air pollution includes age (very young and very old), pre-existing disease, pregnancy, genetic and epigenetic variation, smoking and obesity.

In areas with high levels of pollution, sleep efficiency is decreased, especially with high exposure to NO2 and PM. Irritant pollutants and airborne allergens can cause upper airway inflammation resulting in sleep apnoea, a disorder that results in paused breathing during sleep.

One of the major issues caused by air pollution is the harm it can cause to lungs. They face being damaged due to particle matter and the accumulation of ‘soot’ in the lungs if they can not handle the load.

Children are at higher risk of being affected due to biological and environmental reasons. Not only do children breathe in more than adults, they also spend more time outdoors where they will be exposed to dangerous pollutants. The lungs and immune system of children are still developing, making them more susceptible to pollution because their bodies are still not mature.

What Pinacl can do

Pinacl’s air quality solution consists of implementing sensors that measure and report on temperature, humidity, pressure, and the primary pollutants such as carbon monoxide, ozone, nitrogen dioxide and particle matter (PM10 and PM2.5).

These sensors allow for measurements to be gathered more easily and frequently than traditional, manual processes. All data can be seen in real-time, as well as historical trends, via an online portal. Local authorities can then use the information collected by the sensors to make proactive and data-driven decisions. 

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