Pinacl Solutions



The negative impact air pollution can have on babies

In the past year, many studies have looked into the effects of air pollution and the impact it can have on babies.

Infant mortality

Based on data from nearly 8 million live births in England and Wales between 2001 and 2012, one study suggests there is a link between infant mortality rate and babies being exposed to air pollution.

Results showed that exposure to high NO2 can increase infant mortality by 7%, PM10 by 4% and SO2 by 19%.

Foetal placentas

Air pollution particles have been found on the foetal side of the placenta, suggesting even unborn babies are exposed to black carbon.

There was on average 20,000 nanoparticles per cubic millimetre in placentas of mothers who live near busy roads compared to 10,000 nanoparticles in those who live further away from main roads.

This study also looked at placentas from miscarriage and found that pollution particles can be found in the placentas as young as 12 weeks old.


A study in Beijing looked at the link between air pollution and miscarriages.

Looking at medical records of nearly a quarter of a million pregnant women between 2009 and 2017, they compared exposure to air pollution with the number that miscarry.

They concluded that the presence of 10 micrograms per cubic metre of SO2 can increase the likelihood of miscarriage by 41%.

To combat these issues, local authorities need to take action to monitor air quality levels and make changes.

Pinacl’s air quality sensors can measure and monitor the level of air pollutants such as PM2.5, PM10, CO, NO₂ and O₃ as well as temperature, pressure and humidity.

The data that is gathered can be seen in real-time along with historical trend data on an online portal.

Gathering this data can provide local authorities with the information they need to make informed decisions on how to lower these levels.